In 1930s Germany, Jewish doctors were denied the right to practice (with the exception of war veterans). They had no access to hospitals - except Jewish ones - and were unable to study medicine. Doctors who could leave Germany, began to do so.
In New Zealand, there was a requirement for all foreign doctors to undertake a further year of study at Otago Medical School in Dunedin. In 1936/37 this was extended to three years and, in 1938, to the full six years.
Records show that of the 68 doctors who were granted permits to enter New Zealand during this time, 34 were eventually registered to work here. Of the more than 2,000 Jewish doctors in Berlin, eight came to work in New Zealand.
In the 1930s, New Zealand received a wave of highly trained artists, architects and musicians fleeing Nazism. Six Jewish architects, in particular, had a significant influence on New Zealand’s architectural landscape and culture: Helmut Einhorn, Ernst Plischke, Frederick Newman, Henry Kulka, Maximillian Rosenfeld, and Robert Fantl.